Robotics is the branch of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering and computer science that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and application of robots.
Robotics combines various disciplines such as: mechanics, electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, control engineering and physics. Other important areas in robotics are the algebra, programmable robots, animatronics and state machines.
The term robot was popularized with the success of the work R.u.r. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Čapek written in 1920. The English translation of this work, the Czech word robota, meaning forced labor, was translated into English as robot.